Murderers of Democracy consigned to the dustbin of History : Atal Bihari Vajpeyee Post-Emergency
Emergency is known as darkest era of Indian democracy when Mrs. Indira Gandhi ruled India in her own style. (1975-77).
Bhartiya Jana sangh was the main part of Janata Party which defeated Mrs Indira Gandhi lead congress in the historic elections.
Atal Bihari Vajpeyee was a member of the Indian Parliament for over five decades, having been elected ten times to the Lok Sabha, the lower house, and twice to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house. He served as the Member of Parliament for Lucknow, retiring from active politics in 2009 due to health concerns. He was among the founding members of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), of which he was president from 1968 to 1972. The BJS merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party, which won the 1977 general election. In March 1977, Vajpayee became the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai. He resigned in 1979, and the Janata alliance collapsed soon after. Former members of the BJS formed the BJP in 1980, with Vajpayee its first president.
A man of the masses, firm in his political convictions. On October 13, 1999, he took charge as Prime Minister of India for the second consecutive term at the head of a new coalition government, the National Democratic Alliance. He was Prime Minister for a short period in 1996.
The administration of P M Narendra Modi declared in 2014 that Vajpayee's birthday, 25 December, would be marked as Good Governance Day. In 2015, he was conferred India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, by the President of India.
The Emergency -
on 25 June 1975 Emergency was declared based on the rationale that there were imminent internal and external threats to India.
Using extraordinary powers Mrs Gandhi ran the system in her own way. Her son Sanjay gandhi became very powerful. 20-Sootriya Karykram and 5-Sootriya Karykram launched. The most controversial Sterilization move initiated by him. On 18 January 1977, Mrs Gandhi called fresh elections for March and released all political prisoners, though the Emergency officially ended on 23 March 1977.
A Coalition of different opposition parties formed the Janata Party and in the Lok Sabha elections, held in March, Mrs Gandhi and Sanjay both lost their Lok Sabha seats, as did all the Congress candidates in northern states such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Morarji Desai became Prime minister. Later the Janata government couldn't survive because of internal differences and Mrs Gandhi returned in power with the changed Party symbol "panja'' of Congress(I) in January 1980.
Video: Public Archive. Doordarshan.Prasar Bharati
Reference Source : Indian Express, Wikipedia, Times of India, The Hindu, New York Times, Satyavani etc